Det smutsiga kriget mot Syrien – Tim Anderson

150.00 kr

Tim Anderson har skrivit en fascinerande bok som ger en helt annan bild av kriget i Syrien än den gängse.

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Beskrivning

I varje krig används lögner och bedrägeri som en del av krigföringen men i kriget mot Syrien har angriparna använt sig av desinformation i en omfattning som kanske aldrig skådats tidigare. Den brittisk-australiska journalisten Philip Knightley påpekade att krigspropaganda normalt innebär ”ett deprimerande förutsägbart mönster ”med demonisering av fiendens ledare och ’fiendefolket’ genom skräckhistorier, verkliga eller inbillade” (Knightley 2001). Följaktligen blev den blide ögonläkaren Bashar al Assad den nya ”ondskan” i världen och enligt västerländska medier så gjorde den syriska armén ingenting annat än att döda civila under mer än fyra år. Ännu idag föreställer sig många den syriska konflikten som ett ”inbördeskrig”. Denna myt är i många avseenden en betydande framgång för de stormakter som har drivit fram en rad ”regimskiftesoperationer” med diverse förevändningar under de senaste femton åren.

Boken är ett gediget akademiska arbete, men också ett starkt försvar av det syriska folkets rätt att bestämma över sitt eget land och sitt politiska system. Författaren Tim Anderson är lektor i politisk ekonomi vid University of Sydney. Han forskar och skriver om utveckling, rättigheter och självbestämmande i Latinamerika, Asien-Stillahavsområdet och Mellanöstern.

Klickbara referenser i boken (under bearbetning)

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(2006) ‘Blast Destroys Shrine in Iraq, Setting Off Sectarian Fury’, New York Times, 22 februari, online: http://www.nytimes.com/2006/02/22/international/middleeast/22cnd-iraq.html?_r=0 sid 46. Al Jazeera (2011) ‘Clinton says Assad has ‘lost legitimacy’, 12 juli, online: http://www.aljazeera.com/news/ middleeast/2011/07/201171204030379613.html Anderson, Tim (2015a) ‘The Houla Massacre Revisited: ‘Official Truth’ in the Dirty War on Syria’, Global Research, 24 mars, online: http:// www.globalresearch.ca/houla-revisited-official-truth-in-the-dirty-waron-syria/5438441 Anderson, Tim (2015b) ‘Chemical Fabrications: East Ghouta and Syria’s Missing Children’, Global Research, 12 april, online: http://www.glo- 42 Tunnbomber, partiska källor och krigspropaganda balresearch.ca/chemical-fabrications-east-ghouta-and-syrias-missingchildren/5442334 AP (2015) ‘Syrian army barrel-bomb attacks kill at least 70 in Aleppo, activists say’, The Guardian, Associated Press, 31 maj, online: http:// www.theguardian.com/world/2015/may/30/syrian-army-air-strikesaleppo-islamic-state Cartalucci, Tony (2014) ‘US Feigns “Horror” Over Cooked-Up Report on Syrian War They Engineered’, Land Destroyer Report, januari, online: http://landdestroyer.blogspot.co.uk/2014/01/us-feigns-horrorover-cooked-up-report.html Damascus Declaration (2005) ‘The Damascus Declaration for Democratic National Change’, English version in Joshua Landis blog ‘Syria Comment’, 1 november, online: http://faculty-staff.ou.edu/L/ Joshua.M.Landis-1/syriablog/2005/11/damascus-declaration-in-english.htm Democracy Now (2005) ‘Pentagon Reverses Position and Admits U.S. Troops Used White Phosphorus Against Iraqis in Fallujah’, 17 november, online: http://www.democracynow.org/2005/11/17/pentagon_reverses_position_and_admits_u Eretz Zen (2014) ‘US Key Man in Syria Worked Closely with ISIL and Jabhat al-Nusra’, Youtube, 17 augusti, online: https://www.youtube. com/watch?v=piN_MNSis1E Gladstone, Rick and C.J Chivers (2013) ‘Forensic Details in U.N. Report Point to Assad’s Use of Gas’, New York Times, 16 september, online: http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/17/world/europe/syria-unitednations.html?_r=0&adxnnl=1& adxnnlx=1387381766-55AjTxhuELAeFSCuukA7Og Hersh, Seymour (2014) ‘The Red Line and the Rat Line’, London Review of Books, 17 april, online: http://www.lrb.co.uk/v36/n08/seymour-mhersh/the-red-line-and-the-rat-line HRW (2013) ‘Attacks on Ghouta: Analysis of Alleged Use of Chemical Weapons in Syria’, Human Rights Watch, Washington, 10 september, online: http://www.hrw.org/reports/2013/09/10/attacks-ghouta HRW (2014) ‘Syrian Government Bombardment of Opposition-held Districts in Aleppo’, Human Rights Watch, 30 juli, online: https:// www.hrw.org/video-photos/image/2014/07/30/syrian-governmentbombardment-opposition-h eld-districtsaleppo Idea International (2015) ‘Voter turnout data for Syrian Arab Republic’, online: http://www.idea.int/vt/countryview.cfm?id=210#pres Interventions Watch (2015) ‘CEO of Human Rights Watch misattributes 43 Tunnbomber, partiska källor och krigspropaganda video of Gaza destruction’, 9 maj, online: https://interventionswatch. wordpress.com/2015/05/09/ceo-of-human-rights-watch-misattributesvideo-of-gaza-destructio n/ Jalabi, Raya (2015) ‘Images of Syrian torture on display at UN: ‘It is imperative we do not look away’, The Guardian, 12 mars, online: http:// www.theguardian.com/world/2015/mar/11/images-syrian-tortureshock-new-yorkers-united-n ations Knightley, Phillip (2001) ‘The disinformation campaign’, The Guardian, 4 oktober, online: http://www.theguardian.com/education/2001/ oct/04/socialsciences.highereducation Lloyd, Richard and Theodore A. Postol (2014) ‘Possible Implications of Faulty US Technical Intelligence in the Damascus Nerve Agent Attack of August 21, 2013’, MIT, 14 januari, Washington DC, online: https:// www.documentcloud.org/documents/1006045-possible-implicationsof-bad-intelligence.html# storylink=relast Masi, Alessandria (2015) ‘The Syrian Regime’s Barrel Bombs Kill More Civilians than ISIS and Al Qaeda Combined’, IBTimes, 18 augusti, online: http://www.ibtimes.com/syrian-regimes-barrel-bombs-killmore-civilians-isis-al-qaeda-combin ed-2057392 Mint Press (2015) ‘US Propaganda War in Syria: Report Ties White Helmets to Foreign Intervention’, 11 september, online: http://www. mintpressnews.com/us-propaganda-war-in-syria-report-ties-whitehelmets-to-foreign-interven tion/209435/ Mizah, Michel (2015) ‘A Russian-Syrian volunteer talks about his experience in the “Shabiha” pro-Assad paramilitary’, interviewed by Arthur Avakov, Live Leak, 15 september, online: http://www.liveleak.com/ view?i=992_1442362752 MOA (2015) 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Rest in peace’, Twitter, 18 februari, online: https://twitter.com/syrianlionesss/status/435780234588471296 Syrians Worldwide (2012) ‘EXPOSED: Danny Abdul-Dayem & CNN Lying…Again’, YouTube, 7 mars, online: https://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=y4YfKIPDS8E Taylor, Adam (2013) ‘Report: 22 staffers resign at Al Jazeera over claims of biased coverage in Egypt’, Business Insider, 9 juli, online: http:// www.businessinsider.com.au/al-jazeera-resignations-reported-inegypt-2013-7 Teil, Julian (2011) ‘Lies behind the “Humanitarian War” in Libya: There is no evidence! (Part 1), NATO Crimes in Libya’, YouTube, Interview with Soliman Bouchuiguir, 15 oktober, online: https://www.youtube. com/watch?v=j4evwAMIh4Y Today’s Zaman (2015) ‘CHP deputies: Gov’t rejects probe into Turkey’s role in Syrian chemical attack’, 21 oktober, online: http://www. todayszaman.com/national_chp-deputies-govt-rejects-probe-intoturkeys-role-in-syrian-chemi calattack_402180.html Truth Syria (2012) ‘The Gaddafi Mercenaries and the Division of Africa’, YouTube, Interview with Genevieve Garrigos (Amnesty International France), 4 februari, online: https://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=1WFknaEKdOM UN (2013) United Nations Mission to Investigate Allegations of the Use of Chemical Weapons in the Syrian Arab Republic, december, online: https://unoda-web.s3.amazonaws.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/ report.pdf UNDP (2013) Human Development Report 2013, United Nations Development Programme, New York, online: http://hdr.undp.org/ en/2013-report 152 Inbäddade massmedier, inbäddade vakthundar Wadi, Ramona (2015) ‘Avaaz: Pro-Democracy Group or Facade for American Imperialism In The Middle East? 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Com, 8 juli, online: http://news.antiwar.com/2014/07/08/1000- strong-syrian-rebel-brigade-defects-to-isis/ Export.Gov (2015) ‘Dual Use Export Licenses’, US Export Agency, online: http://www.export.gov/regulation/eg_main_018229.asp Fadel, Leith (2015a) ‘The Last of the “Moderates” – Harakat Hazzm Disbands to Join Islamists’, Al Masdar, 2 mars, online: http://www. almasdarnews.com/article/last-moderates-harakat-hazzm-disbandsjoin-islamists/ Fadel, Leith (2015b) ‘Anti-ISIS Coalition Uses ISIS to Fight Assad in Favor of the Rebels’, Al Masdar, 2 oktober, online: http://www.almasdarnews.com/article/anti-isis-coalition-uses-isis-to-fight-assad-in-favorof-the -rebels/ Fitzgerald, Denis (2014) ‘UN peacekeepers observe IDF interacting with al-Nusra in Golan’, UN Tribune, 4 december, online: http://untribune.com/un-peacekeepers-observe-idf-interacting-al-nusra-golan/ FNA (2015a) ‘Iraq’s Popular Forces Release Photo of Downed US Chopper Carrying Arms for ISIL’, Fars News Agency, 28 februari, online: http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13931209001345 FNA (2015b) ‘Iraqi Army Downs Two British Planes Carrying Weapons for ISIL Terrorists’, Global Research, 24 februari, online: http://www. globalresearch.ca/iraqi-army-downs-two-british-planes-carrying-weapons-for-isil-terrorists/54 33089 FNA (2015c) ‘Israeli Colonel Leading ISIL Terrorists Captured in Iraq’, Fars News Agency, 22 oktober, online: http://english.farsnews.com/ newstext.aspx?nn=13940730000210 FNA (2015d) ‘Captured ISIL leaders in Iraq confess receiving intelligence support from US’, Fars New Agency, SOTT, 25 oktober, online: http:// 224 Washington, terrorismen och Islamiska staten (IS, Isis, Isil, Daesh) www.sott.net/article/304825-Captured-ISIL-leaders-in-Iraq-confessreceiving-intelligence-sup portfrom-US Giovanni di, Janine (2014) ‘Who Is ISIS Leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi?’ Newsweek, 8 december, online: http://www.newsweek. com/2014/12/19/who-isis-leader-abu-bakr-al-baghdadi-290081.html Hamadee al, Mousab and Roy Gutman (2014) ‘1,000 Syrian rebels defect to Islamic State in sign it’s still strengthening’, McClatchy, 8 juli, online: http://www.mcclatchydc.com/news/nation-world/world/middleeast/article24770164.html Hersh, Seymour (2007) The Redirection’, The New Yorker, 5 mars, online: http://www.newyorker.com/magazine-/2007/03/05/theredirection Hoff, Brad (2015) ‘ISIS Leader Omar al-Shishani Fought Under U.S. Umbrella as Late as 2013’, Levant Report, 18 september, online: http:// levantreport.com/tag/menagh-airbase/ Iraqi News (2015) American aircraft dropped weapons to ISIS, says MP, 4 januari, online: http://www.iraqinews.com/iraq-war/americanaircraft-airdropped-weapons-to-isis-says-mp/ Israel Today (2014) ‘Syrian Rebels Thank Netanyahu for Israel’s Compassion’, 23 februari, online: http://www.israeltoday.co.il/NewsItem/ tabid/178/nid/24453/Default.aspx Judicial Watch (2015) ‘Judicial Watch: Defense, State Department Documents Reveal Obama Administration Knew that al Qaeda Terrorists Had Planned Benghazi Attack 10 Days in Advance’, 18 maj, online: http://www.judicialwatch.org/pressroom/press-releases/ judicial-watch-defense-state-department-documents-reveal-obamaadministration-knew-thatalqaeda- terrorists-had-planned-benghaziattack-10-days-in-advance/ Kais, Roi (2012) ‘Syria: Rebels use Israeli arms’, YNet, 27 januari, online: http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4181733,00.html Kais, Roi (2013) ‘US confirms: Israel attacked Syrian missile base’, YNet, 31 oktober, online: http://www.ynetnews.com/ articles/0,7340,L-4448123,00.html King, Justin (2015) ‘Mounting Evidence Shows US Does Not Want ISIS Defeated’, Mint Press, 24 februari, online: http://www.mintpressnews.com/mounting-evidence-shows-us-does-not-want-isis-defeated/2 02479/ Lestch, Corrinne (2014) ‘U.S. airstrikes fail to slow down brutal ISIS attacks: report’, Daily News, 14 november, online: http://www.nydailynews.com/news/world/u-s-airstrikes-fail-reduce-brutal-isis-attacks- 225 Washington, terrorismen och Islamiska staten (IS, Isis, Isil, Daesh) report-article-1.2011021 Lister, Tim (2015) ‘Battle for Tikrit: Despite billions in aid, Iraqi army relies on militia, and Iran’, CNN, 11 mars, online: http://edition.cnn. com/2015/03/11/middleeast/lister-iraq-iran/ MacAskill, Ewen and Martin Chulov (2014) ‘Isis apparently takes control of US weapons airdrop intended for Kurds’, Guardian, 22 oktober, online: http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/oct/22/isis-usairdrop-weapons-pentagon Nazemroaya, Mahdi Darius (2006) Plans for Redrawing the Middle East: The Project for a ‘New Middle East’, Global Research, 18 november, online: http://www.globalresearch.ca/plans-for-redrawing-themiddle-east-the-project-for-a-newmiddl e-east/3882 Newman, Alex (2014) ‘“Moderate” Rebels Armed by Obama Join al-Qaeda, ISIS’, New American, 21 november, online: http://www. thenewamerican.com/world-news/asia/item/19583-moderate-rebelsarmed-by-obama-join-alqaeda- isis Newman, Alex (2015) ‘U.S. Defense Intel Chief: Obama Gave “Wilful” Aid to Al-Qaeda’, New American, 11 augusti, online: http://www. thenewamerican.com/usnews/foreign-policy/item/21384-u-s-defenseintel-chief-obama-gavewillful- aidto-al-qaeda Paraszczuk, Joanna (2013) ‘Syria Analysis: Which Insurgents Captured Menagh Airbase — & Who Led Them? EA Worldview, 7 augusti, online: http://eaworldview.com/2013/08/syria-feature-which-insurgentscaptured-the-menagh-airbase / PL (2015) ‘Yihadistas revelan como se reclutan militantes para el Estado Islamico’, CubaDebate, 25 juni, online: http://www.cubadebate.cu/ noticias/2015/06/25/yihadistas-arrestados-en-siria-revelan-como-ee-uurecluta/#.ViwjaSv9iF_ Poushter, Jacob (2015) ‘In nations with significant Muslim populations, much disdain for ISIS’, Pew Research Centre, 17 november, online: http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2015/11/17/in-nations-withsignificant-muslim-populatio nsmuch-disdain-for-isis/ Putin, Vladimir (2015) ‘Who are Syria’s moderate rebels?’ Daily Star, 24 oktober, online: http://www.thedailystar.net/world/who-are-syriasmoderate-rebels-161989 OSNet (2014) ‘Syrian rebels in the Golan defect to ISIS’, OS Net daily, december, online: http://osnetdaily.com/2014/12/syrian-rebels-golandefect-isis/ Reuters (2015) ‘Syrian air strike kills two Islamic State commanders’, 7 mars, online: http://uk.reuters.com/article/2015/03/07/uk-mideast- 226 Washington, terrorismen och Islamiska staten (IS, Isis, Isil, Daesh) crisis-syria-islamicstate-idUKKBN0M30F320150307 Richter, Greg (2014) ‘Syrian National Coalition President: Assad, ISIS Not Fighting Each Other’, NewsMax, 30 september, online: http://www.newsmax.com/Newsmax-Tv/syrian-coalition-assadisis/2014/09/30/id/597645/ Rosen, James (2015) ‘Quds force leader, commanding Iraqi forces against ISIS, alarms Washington’, Fox News, 5 mars, online: http://www. foxnews.com/politics/2015/03/05/iran-quds-force-leader-commandingiraqi-forces-against-isis -alarmsamericans/ Rothman, Noah (2014) ‘Dempsey: I know of Arab allies who fund ISIS’, YouTube, 16 september, online: https://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=nA39iVSo7XE RT (2014) ‘Anyone but US! Biden blames allies for ISIS rise’, 3 otober, online: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=11l8nLZNPSY SANA (2015) ‘Mikdad: US Turkish agreement to arm and train terrorists means failure of de Mistura initiative’, Syrian Arab News Agency, 21 februari, online: http://www.sana.sy/en/?p=29385 Sarhan, Amre (2015) ‘American aircraft dropped weapons to ISIS, says MP’, Iraqi News, 4 januari, online:

American aircraft dropped weapons to ISIS, says MP

Sharma, Versha and M.L. Nestel (2014) ‘Terrorists Seize U.S. Weapons in Iraq’, Vocativ, 16 juni, online: http://www.vocativ.com/world/iraqworld/terrorists-seize-u-s-weapons-iraq/ Sly, Liz (2014) ‘U.S.-backed Syria rebels routed by fighters linked to alQaeda’, Washington Post, 2 november, online: https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/us-backed-syria-rebels-routed-by-fighters-linkedto-al qaeda/2014/11/02/7a8b1351-8fb7-4f7e-a477-66ec0a0aaf34_story. html Sputnik (2015a) ‘US Ally in Libya Joins ISIL and Leads Its Forces in the Country – Reports’, 3 maj, online: http://sputniknews.com/ news/20150305/1019074958.html Sputnik (2015b) ‘US Congress Arms ISIL in Syria Via ‘Moderate’ Opposition – ex-CIA Officer’, 7 oktober, online: http://sputniknews.com/ middleeast/20151007/1028130762/US-congress-arms-ISIL-in-syria-viamoderate-opposition. html Usher, Barbara Plett (2014) ‘Joe Biden apologised over IS remarks, but was he right?’ BBC News, 7 oktober, online: http://www.bbc.com/ news/world-us-canada-29528482 Variyar, Mugdha (2015) ‘Funds for ISIS Recruitment Came From US, Says Pakistani ISIS Commander’, IB Times, 29 januari, online: http:// 227 Washington, terrorismen och Islamiska staten (IS, Isis, Isil, Daesh) www.ibtimes.co.in/funds-isis-recruitment-came-us-says-pakistani-isiscommander-621906 Vinograd, Cassandra and Ammar Cheikh Omar (2014) ‘Syria, ISIS Have Been ‘Ignoring’ Each Other on Battlefield, Data Suggests’, NBC News, 11 december, online: http://www.nbcnews.com/storyline/isis-terror/syria-isis-have-been-ignoringeach-other-battlefi eld-data-suggests-n264551 Washington’s Blog (2014) ‘Top U.S. Military Official: Our Arab “Allies” Support ISIS’, 16 september, online: http://www.washingtonsblog. com/2014/09/top-u-s-military-official-arab-allies-support-isis.html Nazemroaya, Mahdi Darius (2006) Plans for Redrawing the Middle East: The Project for a ‘New Middle East’, Global Research, 18 november, online: http://www.globalresearch.ca/plans-for-redrawing-themiddle-east-the-project-for-a-newmiddl e-east/3882 Newman, Alex (2014) ‘“Moderate” Rebels Armed by Obama Join al-Qaeda, ISIS’, New American, 21 november, online: http://www. thenewamerican.com/world-news/asia/item/19583-moderate-rebelsarmed-by-obama-join-alqaeda- isis Newman, Alex (2015) ‘U.S. Defense Intel Chief: Obama Gave “Wilful” Aid to Al-Qaeda’, New American, 11 augusti, online: http://www. thenewamerican.com/usnews/foreign-policy/item/21384-u-s-defenseintel-chief-obama-gavewillful- aidto-al-qaeda Paraszczuk, Joanna (2013) ‘Syria Analysis: Which Insurgents Captured Menagh Airbase — & Who Led Them? EA Worldview, 7 augusti, online: http://eaworldview.com/2013/08/syria-feature-which-insurgentscaptured-the-menagh-airbase / PL (2015) ‘Yihadistas revelan como se reclutan militantes para el Estado Islamico’, CubaDebate, 25 juni, online: http://www.cubadebate.cu/ noticias/2015/06/25/yihadistas-arrestados-en-siria-revelan-como-ee-uurecluta/#.ViwjaSv9iF_ Poushter, Jacob (2015) ‘In nations with significant Muslim populations, much disdain for ISIS’, Pew Research Centre, 17 november, online: http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2015/11/17/in-nations-withsignificant-muslim-populatio nsmuch-disdain-for-isis/ Putin, Vladimir (2015) ‘Who are Syria’s moderate rebels?’ Daily Star, 24 oktober, online: http://www.thedailystar.net/world/who-are-syriasmoderate-rebels-161989 OSNet (2014) ‘Syrian rebels in the Golan defect to ISIS’, OS Net daily, december, online: http://osnetdaily.com/2014/12/syrian-rebels-golandefect-isis/ Reuters (2015) ‘Syrian air strike kills two Islamic State commanders’, 7 228 Washington, terrorismen och Islamiska staten (IS, Isis, Isil, Daesh) mars, online: http://uk.reuters.com/article/2015/03/07/uk-mideastcrisis-syria-islamicstate-idUKKBN0M30F3 20150307 Richter, Greg (2014) ‘Syrian National Coalition President: Assad, ISIS Not Fighting Each Other’, NewsMax, 30 september, online: http://www.newsmax.com/Newsmax-Tv/syrian-coalition-assadisis/2014/09/30/id/597645/ Rosen, James (2015) ‘Quds force leader, commanding Iraqi forces against ISIS, alarms Washington’, Fox News, 5 mars, online: http://www. foxnews.com/politics/2015/03/05/iran-quds-force-leader-commandingiraqi-forces-against-isis -alarmsamericans/ Rothman, Noah (2014) ‘Dempsey: I know of Arab allies who fund ISIS’, YouTube, 16 september, online: https://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=nA39iVSo7XE RT (2014) ‘Anyone but US! Biden blames allies for ISIS rise’, 3 oktober, online: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=11l8nLZNPSY SANA (2015) ‘Mikdad: US Turkish agreement to arm and train terrorists means failure of de Mistura initiative’, Syrian Arab News Agency, 21 februari, online: http://www.sana.sy/en/?p=29385 Sarhan, Amre (2015) ‘American aircraft dropped weapons to ISIS, says MP’, Iraqi News, 4 januari, online:

American aircraft dropped weapons to ISIS, says MP

Sharma, Versha and M.L. Nestel (2014) ‘Terrorists Seize U.S. Weapons in Iraq’, Vocativ, 16 juni, online: http://www.vocativ.com/world/iraqworld/terrorists-seize-u-s-weapons-iraq/ Sly, Liz (2014) ‘U.S.-backed Syria rebels routed by fighters linked to alQaeda’, Washington Post, 2 november, online: https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/us-backed-syria-rebels-routed-by-fighters-linkedto-al qaeda/2014/11/02/7a8b1351-8fb7-4f7e-a477-66ec0a0aaf34_story. html Sputnik (2015a) ‘US Ally in Libya Joins ISIL and Leads Its Forces in the Country – Reports’, 3 maj, online: http://sputniknews.com/ news/20150305/1019074958.html Sputnik (2015b) ‘US Congress Arms ISIL in Syria Via ‘Moderate’ Opposition – ex-CIA Officer’, 7 oktober, online: http://sputniknews.com/ middleeast/20151007/1028130762/US-congress-arms-ISIL-in-syria-viamoderate-opposition. html Usher, Barbara Plett (2014) ‘Joe Biden apologised over IS remarks, but was he right?’ BBC News, 7 oktober, online: http://www.bbc.com/ news/world-us-canada-29528482 Variyar, Mugdha (2015) ‘Funds for ISIS Recruitment Came From US, 229 Washington, terrorismen och Islamiska staten (IS, Isis, Isil, Daesh) Says Pakistani ISIS Commander’, IB Times, 29 januari, online: http:// www.ibtimes.co.in/funds-isis-recruitment-came-us-says-pakistani-isiscommander-621906 Vinograd, Cassandra and Ammar Cheikh Omar (2014) ‘Syria, ISIS Have Been ‘Ignoring’ Each Other on Battlefield, Data Suggests’, NBC News, 11 december, online: http://www.nbcnews.com/storyline/isis-terror/syria-isis-have-been-ignoringeach-other-battlefi eld-data-suggests-n264551 Washington’s Blog (2014) ‘Top U.S. Military Official: Our Arab “Allies” Support ISIS’, 16 september, online: http://www.washingtonsblog. com/2014/09/top-u-s-military-official-arab-allies-support-isis.html Webb, Sam (2014) ‘Up to 70 Syrian army chiefs beheaded by ISIS after jihadis make advance on second city of Idlib that has been held by Assad’s forces for more than a year’, Daily Mail, 28 oktober, online: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2810598/Up-70-Syrianarmy-chiefs-beheaded-Isis-jih adis-make-advance-secondcity-Idlib-heldAssad-s-forces-year.html West, Diana (2012) ‘Syrian Rebels: We Are All Jabhat Al Nusra (Al Qaeda)’, Free Republic, 12 december, online: http://www.freerepublic. com/focus/news/2967671/posts Winer, Stuart (2013) ‘Syria says it captured Israeli weapons from rebels’, Times of Israel, 21 augusti, online: http://www.timesofisrael.com/ syria-says-it-captured-israeli-weapons-from-rebels/ YNet (2014) ‘Syrian strikes on ISIS stronghold kill 29’, 6 september, online: http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4568098,00.html Zayabi al, Adib (2014) ‘Syrian rebels increasingly joining ISIS: Coalition ambassador’, Asharq al-Awsat, 25 december, online:

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an-national-coalitionambassador Zelin, Aaron Y. (2012) ‘Rally ‘Round the Jihadist’, Washington Institute, 11 december, online: http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policyanalysis/view/rally-round-the-jihadist Zoabi, Hiba (2014) ‘Israel said to treat wounded members of IS and radical Syrian groups’, i24News, 10 november, online: http://www.i24news.tv/app.php/en/news/israel/diplomacy-defense/50457-141110-israelsaid-t o-treat-woundedmembers-of-is-and-radical-syrian-groups Sid 237. Anderson, Tim (2006) ‘Timor Leste: the Second Australian Intervention’, Journal of Australian Political Economy, No 58, december, pp.62-93 Assad, Bashar al (2015) ‘”Britain and France were the Spearheads in Supporting the Terrorists in Syria:” President al-Assad’, Information Clearing House, 6 december, online: http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article43628.htm Banerjee, Jacqueline (c.2014) ‘Cultural Imperialism or Rescue? The British and Suttee’, The Victorian Web, online: http://www.victorianweb. org/history/empire/india/suttee.html Bush Center (2015) ‘Afghan Women’s Project’, George W, Bush Center, online: http://www.bushcenter.org/womens-initiative/afghan-womens-project Chomsky, Noam (2011) ‘On Libya and the Unfolding Crises’, ZNet, 30 mars, online: chomsky.info/20110330/ Chomsky, Noam (2013) ‘Noam Chomsky: The Arab World And The Supernatural Power of the United States’, Information Clearing House, 16 juni, online: http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/ article35527.htm Gamble, Richard M. (2012) In Search of the City on a Hill: The Making and Unmaking of an American Myth, Bloomsbury Academic, London ISTEAMS (2013) ‘Independent Investigation of Syria Chemical Attack Videos and Child Abductions’, 15 september, online: http://www. globalresearch.ca/STUDY_THE_VIDEOS_THAT_SPEAKS_ ABOUT_CHEMICALS_BETA_VERSION.pdf Hersh, Seymour (2013) ‘Whose Sarin?’ London Review of Books, 19 december, online: http://www.lrb.co.uk/v35/n24/seymour-m-hersh/ whose-sarin Lloyd, Richard and Theodore A. Postol (2014) ‘Possible Implications of Faulty US Technical Intelligence in the Damascus Nerve Agent Attack of August 21, 2013’, MIT, 14 januari, Washington DC, online: https:// www.documentcloud.org/documents/1006045-possible-implicationsof-bad-intelligence.html# storylink=relast UNDP (2013) Human Development Report 2013, United Nations Development Programme, New York, online: http://hdr.undp.org/ en/2013-report Wright, Ann and Coleen Rowley (2012) ‘Ann Wright and Coleen Rowley’, Consortium News, 18 juni, online: https://consortiumnews. com/2012/06/18/amnestys-shilling-for-us-wars/ Sid 247. Angry Arab, The (2015) ‘This is what the candidate for Syria’s provisional (opposition) government wrote on Facebook: a holocaust’, 4 augusti, online: http://angryarab.blogspot.fr/2015/08/this-is-what-candidatefor-syrias.html Assad al, Bashar (2015) ‘President al-Assad: New anti-terrorism coalition must succeed, otherwise the whole region will be destroyed’, Interview with Iranian Khabar TV, Transcript at SANA, 4 oktober, online: http://sana.sy/en/?p=56697 Bloomberg (2015) ‘U.A.E. to Prosecute 41 Accused of Trying to Establish Caliphate’, 2 augusti, online: http://www.bloomberg.com/news/ articles/2015-08-02/u-a-e-to-prosecute-41-accused-of-trying-to-establish-caliphate Fadel, Leith (2015) ‘U.S. Backed Syrian Opposition Official Calls for the Extermination of Alawites’, Al Masdar, 7 december, online: http:// www.almasdarnews.com/article/u-s-backed-syrian-opposition-officialcalls-for-the-exterminati on-of-alawites/ Karam, Zeina and Adam Schreck (2015) ‘Iran nuclear deal opens diplomatic channels for Syria’, AP, 6 augusti, online: http://news.yahoo. com/iran-nuclear-deal-opens-diplomatic-channels-syria-161740195. html Kenner, David (2015) ‘For God and Country, and Iran’, Foreign Policy, 5 mars, online: http://foreignpolicy.com/2015/03/05/for-god-andcountry-and-iran/ O’Hanlon, Michael (2015) ‘Deconstructing Syria: towards a regionalized strategy for a confederal country’, Center for 21st century Security and Intelligence, Brookings, 23 juni, online: http://www.brookings.edu/ research/papers/2015/06/23-syria-strategy-ohanlon Putin, Vladimir (2015) ‘Banned In USA Putin Explains Who Supports ISIS’, Lybio, 2 oktober, online: http://lybio.net/banned-in-usa-putinexplains-who-supports-isis/people/ Reuters (2015) Egypt defends Syria’s territorial unity after Turkey moves against IS’, 2 juli, online: http://uk.reuters.com/article/2015/07/29/ukmideast-crisis-syria-egypt-idUKKCN0Q31AY2015 0729 TASS (2015) ‘Moscow: US should retract signature to Geneva communique if it wants Syria regime change’, 23 september, online: http://tass. ru/en/politics/823017 247 Mot ett oberoende Mellanöstern UN (2012) ‘Action Group for Syria, Final Communiqué, 30.06.2012’, United Nations, 30 juni, online: http://www.un.org/News/dh/infocus/Syria/FinalCommuniqueActionGroupforSyria.pdf

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